We never know when it can happen, and when it does occur it’s too late. We are talking about a slip and fall.
How can we avoid them… or can we?
They are 3 factors which affect slip and fall
-physiological (Balance, Motor impairment, Foot shuffle
-Social (Age, Sex, Concentration/ Preoccupation)
-Environmental (Walkway surfaces, Slopes and Elevation, Mats and Rugs)
As an owner/manager/ maintenance we cannot do anything about physiological or social issues, but we can do something about the environmental factors.
One way of affecting the environmental factor is by determining what type of traction your walkway
surface/floors has. If your floor is of high traction the less likely someone will slip and fall on your
walkway. If your floor is of low traction, the higher the probability that someone may slip and fall on
So how do we determine traction of a floor? Buy measuring for Coefficient of Friction
Coefficient of Friction (COF)
Coefficient of Friction (COF) is the ratio of forces required to move on surface of the other under a given
Now they are two type of COF
-Static Coefficient of Friction (SCOF) the amount of horizontal force required to initiate movement of a
body in horizontal motion (the slip)
– Dynamic Coefficient of Friction (DCOF) the amount of applied of horizontal force required to maintain a
body in horizontal motion (the slide)
So why the science lesson? These numbers determine traction on your walkway. There are different standards for determining traction on your walkway and they either use SCOF, and or DCOF. These standards are used in both Walkway Audit, and or Compliance Audit